Brumbies Are Lineout Kings - Reds Struggling - Green and Gold Rugby
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Brumbies Are Lineout Kings – Reds Struggling

Brumbies Are Lineout Kings – Reds Struggling

I’ve said it many times before but the outcomes from lineouts can have a major impact on a match and that’s really well demonstrated by looking at two matches played last weekend.

The first match I’ll look at is Scotland v Ireland where despite having 71% of possession and 77% of territory, Ireland lost. There were of course numerous reasons why Ireland lost the match, not least being the Scots tenacity to hang in when up against that weight of possession. The possession and territory statistics were even more lopsided in the first half when Ireland had 75% of possession and 86% of territory and that’s where Ireland should have won the game.

A rare good one

A rare good one

By halftime the game should have been put away and one of the key reasons it wasn’t was the fact that Ireland could only win 60% of their lineouts in the first half. The four lineouts Ireland lost in that half were all within 25 metres of the Scottish try line – the Irish had done all of the work to get into the right field position to score but couldn’t take advantage of the opportunities.

The statistics show that in international matches just over a quarter of all tries come from possessions that start with a lineout. We’ll never know if Ireland could have scored points from any of those possessions had they won the lineouts but there’s a fair chance that with four additional opportunities to attack inside the Scottish 22 points would have flowed.

So how did Ireland lose those four crucial lineouts? When I watched the game live late the other night I considered that the issue was with Rory Best’s lineout throwing and I made that comment in the Six Nations thread on the G&GR Forum. It’s the easy conclusion to come to when a lineout isn’t performing that it must be a problem with the thrower but having watched the match more closely I changed my view. In that match Best threw well in 15 of 17 lineouts (88%). In the first half lineouts he threw well in 8 of 10 lineouts (80%).

The two throws Best got wrong in the match were two of the four Ireland lost when in good attacking position in that first half so he bears some responsibility but the other two losses were a result of great defensive lineout work by the Scots to get up in front of the Irish jumpers. The pressure being excerpted by the Scots at lineout time no doubt contributed to the two throws Best got wrong so Scotland’s strong defensive lineout performance had a real impact on the match.

The second match I’ll look at is the Rebels v Brumbies where the Brumbies won 90% of their lineouts and the Rebels 82%. It would be easy to look at those statistics and believe that the lineout performance of both teams was quite even but nothing could be further from the truth – the Brumbies dictated proceedings in the lineout contests and the lineout outcome changed the way the match was played.

Lineout outcomes are about more than just whether the ball was won or not. You also need to consider whether the ball was delivered cleanly when it was won – in this match the Brumbies secured clean ball from 80% of their lineouts whilst the Rebels could only secure 65% clean ball. Trying to attack without clean ball is very difficult as any time you had to initialise your first phase attack is lost whilst players (normally the halfback) scramble around trying to secure the ball. This usually results in a loss of territory on the first phase which puts the opposition on the front foot in defence.

The other consideration when judging lineout outcomes is where in the lineout the ball was won, which impacts how you can attack on first phase. At the start of this match the Rebels clearly came out with a plan to attack wide and for the first twelve minutes that plan worked well but the majority of that wide attack came on the counter or from general phase play. To continue that wide attack plan the Rebels needed to win their lineout ball and they ideally needed the ball delivered towards the back of the lineout.

The Brumbies set their lineout defence up to largely take that option away, whilst leaving the front of the lineout relatively open – effectively giving the Rebels the front of the lineout. In the first four lineouts the Rebels threw they were only able to win one (25%) which took away any opportunity to attack. In the remaining thirteen lineouts the Rebels had in the match the Rebels threw to the front in ten (77%). Whilst this allowed the Rebels to win 100% of their remaining lineouts in the match, with the ball delivered at the front that took away their ability to attack wide effectively and with that option taken away the Rebels lost a lot of their potency in attack. This was very good tactics by the Brumbies and you would have heard Nathan Sharpe explaining these very points in commentary.

The effect the lineout outcomes had on this match overall shows that whilst the tactic many people argue for of throwing the ball to the front jumper may lift the percentage of lineouts won and it may even lift the percentage of clean ball won, it will hinder a team’s attack capabilities. That’s why successful teams have a good lineout thrower who can accurately throw the ball towards the back of the lineout and spend so much time getting their lineout functioning well.

If a team has a poor lineout thrower or the thrower is having a bad day the bailout option is normally to throw to the front, what’s often called the ‘easy throw’. Any team with a reasonable lineout defence will quickly spot the weakness in the thrower and move to take away the ‘easy throw’ by defending hard at the front of the lineout and forcing the thrower to go long. This tactic makes the so called ‘easy throw’ more difficult than throwing to the middle of the lineout or deeper.

In the first two rounds of Super Rugby the Brumbies have been excellent at the lineout – both in attack in defence. They have won 21 of 22 (95%) of their own lineouts including 20 of 22 (91%) providing clean delivery with Stephen Moore throwing really well. Whilst their opposition teams have won 27 of 31 (87%) only 17 of 22 (77%) have provided clean delivery.

The Brumbies have used their defensive lineouts in different ways in the first two rounds. Against the Rebels they were happy to let the Rebels win clean ball at the front of the lineout but in their first match the Brumbies really attacked the Reds ball at source and restricted the Reds to only 43% clean ball, no matter where they threw in the lineout, which curtailed the Reds first phase attack by providing back foot ball for Quade Cooper, which doesn’t suit the Reds attacking style.

Whilst the Brumbies have excelled at the lineout the other Australian teams have struggled to produce clean ball. The statistics from the matches so far are shown below:

Brumbies – Round 1 Brumbies – Round 2 Force – Round 1 Force – Round 2 Rebels – Round 1 Rebels – Round 2 Reds – Round 1 Reds – Round 2 Waratahs – Round 2
Lineouts Won 100% 90% 76% 57% 82% 80% 93% 75% 75%
Clean Ball 100% 80% 71% 57% 65% 70% 43% 50% 58%

Are these poor clean ball statistics caused by issues with the lineout throwers, lineout structures and strategies or opposition defences?

As I’ve already mentioned most people start by focussing on the lineout thrower. In assessing the performance of a lineout thrower you have to bear in mind that a lineout can be lost despite a good throw if the opposition defend well or the lifters and jumpers get it wrong. Similarly a bad throw can still result in a lineout win if a jumper can rescue a ball thrown to the opposition side of the lineout or if the ball is overthrown and is caught by one of the players who didn’t even jump for it. Looking at the percentage of lineouts won or of clean ball delivered does not necessarily tell you how the thrower performed.

There are three errors the lineout thrower can make: 1) getting the timing of the throw wrong; 2) getting the direction of the throw wrong so that the throw is called not straight or is too far towards the opposition line; and 3) getting the height and length of the throw wrong so that the ball either passes over the jumper’s hands or falls short giving the opposition the ability to steal the ball.

Clearly if the ball is not straight or falls short it is the fault of the thrower. Assigning responsibility for timing of the throw and overthrows is more difficult but there are three keys in working out who was at fault:

  1. Timing of the throw – if the thrower releases the ball too late the jumper may not be able to stay in the air long enough to wait for the ball to arrive whilst if the ball is thrown too early when the lineout involves movement it is hard for the lifters and jumper to get into position and get up to reach the ball before it passes over them. Whilst a throw towards the back of the lineout is a throw/jump where the ball is thrown first and then the jumper goes up to meet the ball, the thrower still has to wait long enough so the jumper is nearing their takeoff point before throwing;
  2. Lifters and or jumper not being fully extended when the ball passes over the jumper. Of course this can be because the throw was early but if the lifters and jumper are not at full extension and go no further upwards after the ball passes over you know that the lifters and jumper were at fault; and
  3. If the lifters and jumper are fully extended when the ball passes over you know the throw was too high.

For Australian rugby fans the debate as to who is the better lineout thrower between Tatafu Polota-Nau and Stephen Moore always creates a passionate debate. Fans of Polota-Nau believe that he is unfairly labelled a poor lineout thrower and has improved in that area significantly over the last few years to the point that if it was ever the case that Moore was the better thrower, that is no longer the case. Others argue that his performances around the field outweigh any difference in lineout throwing performance.

I don’t agree with either proposition and despite what Waratahs fans may think that is not because I’m a Reds fan – it is because an objective assessment of lineout throwing performance shows that Polota-Nau continues to be a poor lineout thrower. Note that I don’t say that ‘he can’t throw’ because that is incorrect.

Here’s a link to some analysis I did last year on the comparative lineout throwing performance of Polota-Nau and Moore showing only 57% of Polota-Nau’s throws in the test series against Wales were good throws.

Oops - Wrong ColourThe comment was made in the forum this week that statistics found at show that the claims about Polota-Nau’s poor throwing did not hold true in the match against the Reds. Those statistics suggest that the Waratahs as a team only lost one lineout and that only one lineout was lost when Polota-Nau was throwing. If that were the case I’d agree that was a pretty good performance. However if you watch the match again you’ll see that the Waratahs actually lost three lineouts – in the 21st, 33rd and 46th minutes.

All three of those lineouts were thrown by Polota-Nau and included poor throws. The lineout in the 33rd minute was called to Dave Dennis and whilst Sekope Kepu got in position to lift this was Mitchell Chapman’s first lineout on the field and he failed to turn and lift. Even if Dennis had been lifted the throw was always going to be short and ended up being an easy catch for Simmons so the responsibility for the loss is shared.

In addition there were three other throws from Polota-Nau that were poor which still resulted in wins for the Waratahs largely due to good work by Dennis and Kane Douglas. That’s only 6 good lineout throws of 12 (50%) from the Waratahs in that match. John Ulugia threw two of those lineouts and both were good throws leaving Polota-Nau with only 4 good throws from 10 (40%).

Using the same analysis methodology here are the lineout throwing results for all Australian teams in the first two rounds:

Brumbies – Round 1 Brumbies – Round 2 Force – Round 1 Force – Round 2 Rebels – Round 1 Rebels – Round 2 Reds – Round 1 Reds – Round 2 Waratahs – Round 2
Good Throws 100% 100% 82% 79% 90% 82% 93% 83% 50%

As you can see whilst the Force, Rebels and Reds have some work to do to match the Brumbies in the throwing department, the lower percentages of clean ball being won by those teams has more to do with the structures and strategies they’re using that are allowing the opposition to disrupt their ball rather than lineout throwing.

The Reds in particular need to lift their lineout performance to provide their backline with some quality ball to attack with. I marked Saia Faingaa as having thrown well in 100% of lineouts against the Brumbies and 75% against the Waratahs so lineout throwing is not a major issue for the Reds but they cannot keep operating with 50% or less clean delivery of ball like they have over the first two weeks of the competition.

The problem for the Waratahs was not the fact that Sitaleki Timani was hindering their lineout in this match as some have suggested – yes the lineout was better once Chapman came on the field but the problem was largely the poor throwing performance of Polota-Nau and I thought the Waratahs did well to win 75% of their lineouts despite those issues.

  • Guy

    {“STEPHEN MOORE… DOOT DOOT”…} woe woe woe, what is he good for

  • Pedro

    Once again, insightful analysis, would be great if the Aussies can get back to the good old days of being lineout masters.

    One thing that always bugs me when throwers get the yips, why does the hooker have to throw the line out?

    • RoffsChoice

      Is it law that the designated hooker must throw, or can, say, the outside centre throw?

      • Scott Allen

        Anyone can throw

        • Westy

          Hi Scott, any examples in recent times (Super 15, Rugby Championship) you can think of when someone other than the hooker threw it in?

        • Scott Allen

          Benn Robinson threw in The Rugby Championship last year when Saia Faingaa wasn’t allowed on the field as a replacement. David Pocock threw in one lineout in 2011 (I think) when Saia Faingaa was off for a yellow card.

          Can’t remember any recent planned instances where it wasn’t the hooker throwing.

        • Westy

          cheers Scott – given that having the hooker throw in is optional its interesting that no one has come up with any innovations on that play (by having other players throw in). Both the above cases were sort of forced on the teams by other circumstances.

    • Graeme

      I remember vaguely an SR coach being asked the same question and giving a pretty coherent answer, which I’m going to give incoherently. Basically anyone can throw, but you want a specialist thrower. And rarely is anyone outside of no 2 specialized. At juniors, since players are much less specialized, you could probably use another player. But generally you don’t want to take your backs out of first phase attack. And you don’t want to take your tall timber out the line out, leaving only a couple of back-rowers, who you want on the job.

      • Pedro

        I think this sums up why it’s generally the hooker, but why not a prop? In TPN’s case, if he’s such a good scrummager and so great around the park that he can play number 2 without being very good at throwing lineouts, why not give one of the props that responsibility? You might get all his positives without the negative.

  • Johnny-boy

    In a normal world Stephen Moore would be the Wallaby first pick starting hooker every time.

    What we are seeing is not normal and it is not right.

    It is fairly easy for other members in the Wallaby team to notice obviously flawed selections.

  • Parra

    Hi Scott, another interesting piece – thanks.

    I seem to recall an analysis you did refuting the perception of TPN’s poor throwing, mostly based on the incorrect assumption that he was getting the timing wrong, whereas the jumpers were actually getting it wrong (if I understand it correctly, depending on the length/type of throw the timing can be cued by either the thrower throwing or the jumper jumping). Anyway, it doesn’t sound too good for Tatafu according to your latest analysis!

    I have a couple of questions, one or two of which are a bit off-topic but perhaps you could come back to them when you’re doing the next relevant analysis:

    1. The Rebels have some promising and rising tall timber in the likes of Pyle, Neville, Jones, and they now have Higginbotham who seems to be pretty handy come lineout time so they should have a pretty decent lineout. Who calls their lineout and what went wrong in the initial throws to the back (in the Brumbies game, apart from good Brumbies defence).

    2. Higginbotham gets rated anywhere from the best in the world to the worst. You’ve mentioned him a few times of course in ‘who should play #6 and #8′ type analyses. Where do you rate him in the Wallabies pecking order (of #6s at least), should there be other un-capped players ahead of him, and do the statistics backup the perception of low work-rate? (does he make up for it in the ranging wide/popping up in the right place for a try side of his game?)

    3. There have been some calls to trial Higginbotham in the centres (esp. #12), possibly solving the problem of a lack of thrust in the Wallabies mid-field and at the same time tailoring better to his wide ranging game. What are you thoughts on the matter, can the idea be shot down in flames in two seconds or is it worth a try at least?

    • Scott Allen

      Parra – that previous analysis actually showed that most of the timing issues were TPN’s fault. It is one of the areas he has recurring problems with.

      The Rebels troubles were purely as a result of the pressure the Brumbies applied getting jumpers up to compete. They did the same to the Reds so it is not a problem confined tot he Rebels. The only way to defeat those tactics is to use more movement across the ground and fakes – the Rebels didn’t really try much of that, instead choosing to accept the at they would win the ball at the front.

      My view has always been that #6 should be the one and only member of your pack that roams wide and should not be constrained by measuring workrate alone – they should be there to take advantage of opportunities that arise out wide in attack and defence. That is Higgers natural game so I say let him play it – that is when you get the best from him as the Reds did. I think if he is allowed to play that role he is the number one candidate for #6. However if the coach of any team he plays in wants him to play a different role, I don’t think he will go as well and others should be considered ahead of him. If the coach of any team views the role of their #6 differently then Higgers may not be their favoured selection. MMM is a player I think the Wallabies should include as a #6 / lock backup.

      I don’t think a move to #12 makes sense. I also don’t think you should ever make such a radical positional change at Super or Test level. If you believe that Higgers could play at #12 send him back to club rugby and ask his club coaches to play him there and see how he handles it.

  • Gibbo

    @disqus_pGNVW4yVLH:disqus the net impact of ‘giving away’ the front is – if the Rebels go to the front for the quick off the top – the defence jumpers and supporters are already setup to attack the back line from the lineout. The only way for the rebels to counter is the set the driving maul to drag them all in. They don’t have the skill set to pull this off against decent lineouts yet.

ACT Brumbies

Scott is one of our regular contributors from the old days of G&GR. He has experience coaching Premier Grade with two clubs in Brisbane.

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